It is believed that the name Bhutan is derived from the Sanskrit Bhotant, meaning ”The end of Tibet”, or from Bhu-uttan, meaning ”high land”. Historically the Bhutanese have referred to their country as Druk Yul, ”land of the thunder dragon.” Bhutanese refer to themselves as Drukpa people (Read more of Bhutan’s history in Kingdom of Bhutan).
Bhutan is a small kingdom hiden in the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. Bhutan is a very special country, not only because its landscapes, history and religion but also because it hasn’t followed the same political and economic system as the rest of the world, which is fascinating!
The government in Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy. The writing of Bhutan’s constitution began n 2001, and the draft of the Supreme Constitution was distributed to all citizens for feedback in 2005.
In Bhutan the economic development of the country is not measured by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) but instead it is assessed by the Gross National Happiness. The GNH was designed as an attempt to define a more complete and holistic economic indicator, which would serve Bhutan’s unique culture based on Buddhist spiritual values.
The economy of Bhutan is one of the smallest and least developed of the world. However, more than 95% of the population has clean water and electricity, 80% of the country is forested and it is carbon neutral and food secure (The Guardian). Bhutan’s economy is based on agriculture and foresry.
Bhutan plans to become the first country in the world to turn its agriculture completely organic, banning the sales of pesticides and herbicides and relying on its own animals and farm waste for fertilisers (The Guardian).
Check this video out:
See amazing pictures here: A trip to Buthan
More info about Bhutan in: Kingdom of Bhutan